BeautifulSoup Get Title tag

BeautifulSoup Get Title tag

In this BeautifulSoup topic, we'll learn how to get the title tag and the title tag content. To get the title tag, we can use:

  • .title property
  • find() function

BeautifulSoup Get title tag using .title property

.title property returns the title tag if it exists. Otherwise, return None.

soup.title

In the following example, we'll get the title tag from HTML:

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup # 👉️ Import BeautifulSoup module

# 👇 HTML Source
hrml_source = '''
<html lang="en">
    <head>
        <title>PyTutorial | Learn BeautifulSoup</title>
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
    </head>
</html>
'''

soup = BeautifulSoup(hrml_source, 'html.parser') # 👉️ Parsing

title_tag = soup.title  # 👉️ Get Title Tag

print(title_tag)  # 👉️ Print Title tag

Output:

<title>PyTutorial | Learn BeautifulSoup</title>

To get the content of the title tag:

print(title_tag.string)  # 👉️ Print Content of Title

Output:

PyTutorial | Learn BeautifulSoup

Now let's try HTML with no title tag.

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup # 👉️ Import BeautifulSoup module

# 👇 HTML Source
hrml_source = '''
<html lang="en">
    <head>
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
    </head>
</html>
'''

soup = BeautifulSoup(hrml_source, 'html.parser') # 👉️ Parsing

title_tag = soup.title  # 👉️ Get Title Tag

print(title_tag)  # 👉️ Print Title tag

Output:

None

when you use the .string property with a None tag, you will get the following error.

print(title_tag.sring)

Output:

AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'sring'

To handle this error, we will use the if condition:

print(title_tag.sring if title_tag else None)

Output:

None

BeautifulSoup Get title tag using find() function

We can also get the title tag using the find() function.

Syntax:

soup.find("title")

The above code returns the title tag if it exists. Otherwise, returns None

Example:

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup # 👉️ Import BeautifulSoup module

# 👇 HTML Source
hrml_source = '''
<html lang="en">
    <head>
        <title>PyTutorial | Learn BeautifulSoup</title>
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
    </head>
</html>
'''

soup = BeautifulSoup(hrml_source, 'html.parser') # 👉️ Parsing

title_tag = soup.find("title")  # 👉️ Find Title Tag

print(title_tag)  # 👉️ Print Title tag

Output:

<title>PyTutorial | Learn BeautifulSoup</title>

Get content of the title tag:

print(title_tag.string)  # 👉️ Print Content of Title

Output:

PyTutorial | Learn BeautifulSoup

You can add the string=True parameter to the find function to avoid the AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'sring' error.

string=True: means find the tag that has a text value.

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup # 👉️ Import BeautifulSoup module

# 👇 HTML Source
hrml_source = '''
<html lang="en">
    <head>
        <title>PyTutorial | Learn BeautifulSoup</title>
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
    </head>
</html>
'''

soup = BeautifulSoup(hrml_source, 'html.parser') # 👉️ Parsing

title_tag = soup.find("title", string=True)  # 👉️ Find Title Tag

print(title_tag)  # 👉️ Print Title tag

Output:

<title>PyTutorial | Learn BeautifulSoup</title>